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Herpes Simplex Virus

What is Herpes?

Herpes is a pathogenic virus which results in the formation of sores on the region near the mouth or genital area of the affected individuals.


Symptoms

The affected individuals possess sores that are mostly visible on body parts which include vulva, cervix, penis, anus, scrotum, inner thighs, lips, mouth and throat as a result of which herpes could be of types viz. genital herpes and oral herpes.

Types

The herpes simplex virus (HSV) could be divided into types namely type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2).
The HSV-1 most commonly causes oral herpes and therefore could be commonly spread when one comes in contact with the mouth region of the affected individual. The common symptoms associated with HSV-1 include cold sores on lips or near the mouth region. It could be prevented by avoiding kissing or sharing utensils with the affected individuals. Around 47.8% of Americans that lie within the age group of 14-49 years are affected by the HSV-1 strains [1]. However, it should be noted that in some rare cases HSV-1 could also cause genital herpes.

The HSV-2 strain of the virus is responsible for the development of genital herpes and therefore it is most commonly spread through the sexual mode of contact. The most common symptoms of genital herpes include the presence of ulcers near the genitals, anus or the buttocks. It could be prevented by avoiding sexual contact with the affected individuals. Its prevalence is comparatively less than the HSV-1 strain and therefore is found to be in around 11.9% of the American population that are within the age group of 14-49 years [1].
Since HSV-1 and HSV-2 could be present without any symptoms like sores, it becomes quite important to avoid sharing utensils with anyone as well as avoiding sexual contact without proper protection with anyone. However, when the symptoms associated with both the strains become visible they could be extremely painful and visible. The type of HSV strain could be diagnosed by the blood tests or active lesion sample test.

Treatment

It should be noted that there is no proper treatment for both the strains of HSV due to the fact that viral diseases are not quite affected by normal antibiotics. However, necessary anti-viral treatment could be given in order to control the symptoms associated with it. Even after carrying out the prescribed treatment by a medical expert, the HSV remains inactive in the affected individual's nerve cells till the time something triggers it to become active again [2].

References 

1.https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/herpes visited on 04 June 2019.
2. https://www.webmd.com/genital-herpes/pain-management-herpes visited on 04 July 2019.
3. https://www.getroman.com/impatient/herpes/hsv-1-vs-hsv-2/ visited on 04 July 2019.


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