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Showing posts from December, 2019

All You Need to Know About the Organ-on-a-chip

Organ-on-a-chip is a system which consists of cell culture located in a 3D structure that aids its support, growth as well as proper functioning. Therefore, this device is responsible for mimicking the functions of a particular organ. Yes, you heard it right! A chip which could mimic activities of an organ.

Working The combination of fluid physics with the 3D compartmentalization of cells plays a significant role in the working of an organ-on-a-chip device.

The microfluidic study focuses on the behaviour of the fluids as well as precisely control and manipulates them through microchannels. Therefore, the principle of microfluidics is applied in order to provide a better environment with the cells which consist of more controlled parameters.

The cells are grown inside the microfluidic chamber in order to create the desired tissue or organs. In order to promote the optimal growth of cells, the chamber should consist of proper nutrients, ambient temperature, pH other parameters. Also, t…

Herpes Simplex Virus

What is Herpes? Herpes is a pathogenic virus which results in the formation of sores on the region near the mouth or genital area of the affected individuals.

Symptoms The affected individuals possess sores that are mostly visible on body parts which include vulva, cervix, penis, anus, scrotum, inner thighs, lips, mouth and throat as a result of which herpes could be of types viz. genital herpes and oral herpes.
Types The herpes simplex virus (HSV) could be divided into types namely type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2).
The HSV-1 most commonly causes oral herpes and therefore could be commonly spread when one comes in contact with the mouth region of the affected individual. The common symptoms associated with HSV-1 include cold sores on lips or near the mouth region. It could be prevented by avoiding kissing or sharing utensils with the affected individuals. Around 47.8% of Americans that lie within the age group of 14-49 years are affected by the HSV-1 strains [1]. However, it should …